• future possibilities
• fsem 037 home
||- Natural Gas was first recognized
by a Greek herdsmen in 1000 B.C., when he came across a burning springs which
identified to be flames rising from fissure rock.
- Natural Gas
escaping from the earth's crust was noticed to be ignited by lightning bolts
creating large flames.
- At this time, the cause
of the fires was unknown.
- Because people
were not able to explain the mysterious fires, they were
believed to be divine and supernatural phenomenon's which were often incorporated
into religious beliefs in India and Greece.
- Around 500 B.C.
the Chinese used bamboo shoots to build crude pipelines for the
transportation of gas.
- Here it was used to separate salt from sea water,
making it drinkable.
- During the
1600's, Native Americans ignited gases seeping from the earth to burn land
and construct fires.
- In 1785, natural
gas was put to use lighting houses and street lights
- In 1816, natural
gas was introduced to the United States.
- The first natural gas
well was dug in New York by William Hart in 1821.
Colonel Edwin Drake, in 1859 dug an oil well and hit the first natural gas
reserves 69 feet below the earths crust.
- Because natural
gas was often difficult to transport
due to the lack of a pipeline infrastructure, in 1883, Robert Bunsen
invented the Bunsen burner. This devise was made to mix natural gas
with outside air that could be used in many locations. The Bunsen
burner was easy to transport.
- In 1881, the
first construction of major pipelines was built from central Indiana to Chicago, a
length of 120 miles. It was not until the 1920's that sufficient pipelines
- The first car
powered by natural gas was constructed in the mid 1930's.
WWII marked the turning point for
gas. During this time period, new welding techniques, pipe rolling,
complex advancements were made, allowing thousands of pipelines to be
constructed in the US, giving people new ways to obtain electricity.